|LOCATION: B-Dere, Gokana, Rivers State||DATE: April 1, 2014|
Following the reported leaks which resulted to a fire by the civil defence corps on the 28th of April, 2014. A JIV was scheduled to take place at the location on the 1st of May, 2014. The JIV commenced with an opening prayer and a brief introduction of participants, a brief HSE session was conducted after which the JIV team which includes; Government regulators (NOSDRA, DPR and State Ministry of Environment), NGO (NACGOND), Shell contractors and consultants moved to the site of the spill at about 10:30am.
After the HSE session, the Right Of Way (ROW) contractors, the SPDC staff and contractors all moved to the spill point where we had to wait for the fire at the spill point to be put out and then excavation would be done to be able to clearly ascertain the actual cause of the spill.
The following were done during the JIV process: the cause of leak was hacksaw cut of pipeline; the area was mapped by the geometrics; the volume estimation was done by the government team personnel; finding the cause of the fire; there was both video and picture coverage by SPDC media.
Composition of the JIV Team: Representative of the following organizations were part of the JIV team:
- National Oil Spill Detection and Response Agency (NOSDRA)
- Rivers State Ministry of Environment (RSME)
- Department of petroleum Resources (DPR)
- Surveillance Contractors
- National Coalition on Gas Flaring and Oil Spill in the Niger Delta (NACGOND)
- Community Representatives
- The Nigerian Police
- The Nigerian Civil Defence Corp
- SPDC Staff and Contractors
- Right of Way (ROW) contractor
Objective of the visit: To determine the cause of spill, quantity of spill and area impacted..
Date of incident: April 21, 2014
Actual duration (days): 30 days
Cause of spill: Sabotage
Description of environment: Land (Farm land)
Description of leaked point: The leaked point was not on the 28 inch pipe but on the 6 inch pipe fitted 12 o’clock on the 28 inch pipe
Type of environment to which oil has spread: Cassava farm land (terrestrial)
Type of containment: N/A
Properties affected: Vegetation, Farm land, Fauna.
Observations/Nature of Spill
- Asset is a buried pipeline
- Due to the fire, surrounding farmlands were burnt
- Spill was massive
- Cause of the fire was not ascertained
Endorsement of the JIV: National Oil Spill Detection and Response Agency (NOSDRA), Rivers State Ministry of Environment (RSMoE), Department of petroleum Resources (DPR), Surveillance Contractors, Community Representatives, The Nigerian Police, The Nigerian Civil Defence Corp, SPDC Staff and Contractors and Right of Way (ROW) contractor.
Problems Encountered: While on the site of spill, it started raining and this disrupted the process a little though
Recommendations: Multinational companies should corporate with NGOs like NACGOND to create well rooted awareness on the dangers of hydrocarbons and its impact in the environment.
Conclusion: Host communities should be enlightened more on the dangers of spilled hydrocarbon and the ideal way to report spill to the appropriate authorities in time.